Who is the Holy Spirit?
Christ in You -- His Personality

Ephesians 3:14-21

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Second in a series of four sermons on the Holy Spirit. Presented in 2008 at the Okoboji Lakes Bible and Missionary Conference, Okoboji Iowa.

Christianity is a living person. . . living in . . .a living person.

The first lesson in this series - Christ in You - His Presence taught us that God so engineered man that the presence of His Spirit within the human spirit is indispensable to man’s ability to function as God intended.


The Bible clearly teaches us who is the Holy Spirit.

John 16:28 I came from the Father and entered the world; now I am leaving the world and am going back to the Father.

The Holy Spirit. . .

  1. is the personal successor of Jesus.
  2. In the individual life of every believer, He is God living with us and in us. He teaches and guides. He is as real and actual to us as was the physical presence of Jesus with His own disciples.

  3. universalizes the presence of Jesus.
  4. On earth the disciples could not enjoy uninterrupted fellowship with their Master, for when they were in Galilee, He might be in Jerusalem. His presence was limited to one place at a time – but no longer. Now, through His Spirit Jesus is with us everywhere and always.

  5. internalizes the presence of Jesus.
  6. He said to his disciples, “You know him (the Spirit of Truth, the Counselor), for he lives with you and will be in you. I will not leave you as orphans; I will come to you” (John 14:17-18). On earth Jesus was with them and could teach them, but he could not enter their personality and change them from within. Now, through the Spirit Christ dwells in our hearts and does his transforming work there.

  7. is God.
  8. He is just as eternal as God the Father and Jesus the Son. The Spirit is one with God just as your spirit is one with you.

  9. is spirit, not matter.
  10. He has no color, size, weight, or material substance. He is unseen. Just because He is unseen does not mean He is not real.

  11. is a Person.
  12. He is a living personality. He communicates with us. He can feel sympathy, affection and compassion. He thinks, sees, hears, speaks, enjoys, desires and suffers as any other person may. When God’s Word says, “And do not grieve the Holy Spirit of God,” it is telling us that He loves us so much that when we insult, ignore, resist or doubt Him, He is grieved. Knowing someone well requires more than one conversation. Likewise, through frequent communication, we come to know Him better.

  13. is a Person not a force.
  14. It is unwise and unbiblical to think of the God's Spirit as an influence, a stimulus, a sensation, or a set of ideas. We are filled with a Person – the indwelling life of Christ Himself. He is not an impersonal force that manipulates and sways people. He is a Person we can know.

    Now you know who is the Holy Spirit. But, Paul wants us to do more than just know who is the Holy Spirit. He wants this knowledge to effect our behavior.

    Paul’s Prayer: Be Conscious of Christ’s Presence
    and Reflect Christ’s Personality.


    John 1:12 Yet to all who received him, to those who believed in his name, He gave the right to become children of God – children born not of natural descent, nor of a human decision or of a husband’s will, but born of God.

    John 3:3 “Unless a man is born again he cannot see the kingdom of God.”

    John 3:6 “Flesh gives birth to flesh, but Spirit gives birth to spirit. You should not be surprised at my saying, You must be born again.”

    Titus 3:5 He saved us through the washing of rebirth and renewal by His Spirit.

    I Peter 1:3 God has given us new birth into a living hope through the resurrection of Jesus Christ.

    I John 5:1 Everyone who believes that Jesus is the Christ is born of God.


    Ephesians 3:19 . . .that you may be filled to the measure of the fullness of God.

    Ephesians 5:17-18 Do not be foolish but understand what the Lord’s will is. . .be filled with the Spirit.

    II Corinthians 3:18 We are being transformed into his likeness with ever increasing glory, which comes from the Lord, who is the Spirit.


    These people not only knew who was the Holy Spirit, they were filled with Him.

    Luke 1:41 Elizabeth was filled with the Spirit.

    Luke 1:67 Zechariah was filled with the Holy Spirit and prophesied.

    Luke 4:1 Jesus, full of the Holy Spirit…was led by the Spirit into the desert.

    Acts 4:8 Then Peter, filled with the Holy Spirit, said to them. . .

    Acts 7:55 But Stephen, full of the Spirit, looked up to heaven and saw the glory of God, and Jesus standing at the right hand of God.

    Acts 9:17 “Brother Saul, the Lord – Jesus, who appeared to you…has sent me so that you may see again and be filled with the Holy Spirit.”

    Acts 11:24 He (Barnabas) was a good man full of the Holy Spirit and faith.

    Acts 13:52 And the disciples were filled with joy and with the Spirit.



    Jesus’ death on the cross is called our redemption. To redeem means to set someone free by making a ransom payment. Jesus came to give himself as a ransom for many. The shedding of Christ’s blood is the basis for our forgiveness. Jesus died for us.


    The Bible word for new birth is regeneration. To regenerate means to be begin again. A person is born again when he receives the indwelling Holy Spirit. Followers of Jesus are redeemed and regenerated; forgiven by Christ’s blood and inhabited by Christ’s Spirit. Jesus lives in us.


    Being transformed into the likeness of Jesus is called sanctification. To sanctify means to make to “make holy.” As the temple in the Old Testament was set apart as a holy place, every believer is set apart as the temple where the Holy Spirit dwells. Through His Spirit, God can sanctify you through and through. He can teach your mind, control your emotions, direct your will and govern your behavior. Jesus trains us to be like him.

    Through Christ’s death for us -- we are forgiven
    Through Christ’s Spirit in us -- we are born again
    Through Christ’s Spirit working on us -- we are being transformed


    Luke 9:23-25 “If any man would come after me, he must deny himself and take up his cross daily and follow me. For whoever wants to save his life will lose it, but whoever will lose his life for me will save it. What good is it for a man to gain the whole world, and yet lose or forfeit his very self?”


    What should we do with our knowledge of who is the Holy Spirit?

    SURRENDER -- Romans 12:1-2

      Offer your bodies as living sacrifices, holy and pleasing to God. Do not conform any longer to the pattern of this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind.

    ASK -- Luke 11:13

      “If you then, though you are evil, know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more will your Father in heaven give the Holy Spirit to those who ask him.”

    OBEY -- Acts 5:32

      “We are witnesses of these things, and so is the Holy Spirit which God has given to those who obey him.”

    Author: Paul Schlieker - www.bible-study-lesson-plans.com

    For any reuse or distribution of our free mp3 sermons author credit and web address is required.

    If you enjoyed Who is the Holy Spirit?, you might like to know that all the stories, teachings, and illustrations in this lesson (and much more) can be found in Paul's book, What's Missing Inside You?


    1. What concept in this lesson clarified your concept of who is the Holy Spirit?

    2. In one or two sentences tell who is the Holy Spirit?

    3. What does the idea of letting Jesus occupy your whole personality mean to you?

    4. Why is your behavior always the “final proof” that Jesus is filling you?

    5. Why is your disposition so important to God? What are other examples of a disposition that grieves the Holy Spirit? quenches the Holy Spirit? resists the Holy Spirit?

    6. Though there is no formula for being filled with God’s Spirit, to which one of the heart conditions (surrender, ask, or obey) do you need to be more sensitive? Why?

    Now that you've listened to Who is the Holy Spirit, continue your study with the next sermon in this Holy Spirit Bible study series -- Christ in You -- His Power.

    Did you miss the first sermon in this series - Christ in You - His Presence?

    Here's a ready-to-use adult Sunday School lesson about the Holy Spirit.

    All of the inspirational Christian stories, teachings, and illustrations in Who is the Holy Spirit? (and much more) can be found in Paul's book,
    What's Missing Inside You?
    Engaging both for individual study and small group curriculum.

    Please email us with questions or comments about Who is the Holy Spirit?.

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